Viewed from Europe, the NSA spying scandal is eroding US credibility and standing. But from the other side of the Atlantic, it is the EU’s continuing inability to solve the economic crisis that is worrying American decision-makers.
The European outcry over the US intercepts case is embarrassing Washington. However, in New York, where the line between pragmatism and cynicism is extremely thin, the echo of the diplomatic crisis smashed against the walls of Wall Street: among traders and investment bankers, many of whom have studied at West Point or served in the Marines and the US intelligence before joining the financial industry, the new debate against America is not only considered “useless” (there is no government in the world that is not trying to spy on its neighbours), but as the umpteenth negation of the real European problems.
“What are they afraid of in Germany?” a trader at a global brokerage firm asked yesterday. “Are they worried that, after listening to [German Chancellor, Angela] Merkel on the phone about the prospects of the euro, the US Treasury will order us to immediately sell our government bonds?”
This is just a joke, of course. But behind the cynicism there is an objective reality which — from our point of view — would deserve the same concern prompted by the US spying case. Among the big portfolio managers in the US finance, among the speculators but also the economists and Wall Street analysts, there is a growing belief that Europe is again losing direction, that the eurozone is lacking its former drive towards a political union and the wind of the structural reforms, which allowed peripheral countries to start an economic and institutional modernisation, is blowing out for lack of interest.
The equation is well-known: where governance problems exist, the earning potential is always higher. But the problem is that those who pay the bill are always the weaker ones. In this situation, one of the big issues is that this game, played at the expense of governments and savers in Europe, does not have a jury to set the rules as well as a referee to enforce them.
Survival of the fittest
The European market, contrarily to the US market, today looks like a no-man’s land where only the rule of the survival of the fittest applies
The European market, contrarily to the US market, today looks like a no-man’s land where only the rule of the survival of the fittest applies. Let’s take the Tobin Tax: only 11 countries in the eurozone, including Italy, have decided to approve a tax on financial transactions, opening a new competitive gap in a financial market which, on paper, operates as a single market.
But we could also mention the euro. On one hand the US financial industry believes that the euro currency risks derailing again by the next summer, on the other, the operation coordinated by the US Federal Reserve and the US Treasury to support a weak dollar allows currency traders to speculate, with reasonable expectations of gaining, on a strong euro, which is kept artificially higher by the conditions of the European economy and the analyses depicting Europe in a deep political crisis.
If a system is about to collapse, usually the currency (or debt) falls: in this case the natural order of things is reversed. The trend of the US T-bonds reflects this situation: the more people talked of a US default in the past weeks, the more the US bonds gained strength, as if the risk of insolvency did not concern them.
With this scenario before our eyes and on our computer screens, it comes as little surprise that the European markets — and in particular the fragile ones like Italy — become a place for the most unscrupulous investors. But the most interesting fact is how all these financial events are mixed with political and diplomatic facts and then presented to the American public opinion. While the front pages of the European newspapers attack the US for the revelations on the systemic spying by the CIA, on the front pages of the American newspapers — starting from the Wall Street Journal — a bigger space is given to analyses on the return of the euro crisis, on the end of a project of political union and on the unreliability of Europe as political and financial partner of the world’s biggest economies.
Collapse of the old system
The consequence of this new governance fracture is not only political but also financial: the German halt to the banking surveillance, on the eve of the new European stress tests, immediately legitimised the alarms raised by the Wall Street analysts on the precarious health of the European credit.
It is now evident that we are moving in a scenario where globalisation prevents unilateral measures
It is now evident that we are moving in a scenario where globalisation prevents unilateral measures, but where opposing interests condemn us to the paralysis. The old system of rules and certainties is collapsing, but nobody can see or wants to build the new because everything is intertwined with the crisis and the threat of a worsening of the economic situation.
Everybody lives day by day — market actors, governments, transnational institutions — and is afraid of planning the future. It seems that in the world a new disease is spreading, which we believed was only Italian: chasing the present to become its prisoners.
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View from the US
European leaders must educate their public
The outrage surrounding allegations that the National Security Agency (NSA) tapped the phone of German Chancellor Angela Merkel is nothing more than a “fit of European pique,” writes the assistant books editor at the Wall Street Journal Sohrab Ahmari.
Despite the rhetoric, Merkel is fully aware of how intelligence agencies operate and must find a way to reflect German and European outrage while not irreparably damaging ties with the US – Berlin’s most vital ally, he writes, adding –
The Chancellor and her colleagues don’t need a lesson in the birds and the bees of statecraft, but they must appease the cries of domestic anti-American outrage. Lost in all this is the obligation of political leaders to educate the public, even in a general way, about the facts of life regarding intelligence and the needs of national security in a dangerous world.